Financial Sustainability is the most ferocious threat endangering more than 3.6 million mosques all over the world. It is a prime hindrance, which should be investigated in the light of the newfangled mosque development speculations. Lamentably, mosques have never been addressed; as independent associations of a private financial property.
Geographical parameters and temporal framing are the factors of categorizing each architectural style. However, in the vastness of the Saudi Kingdom, it might be more adequate to limit the study on a comparative spatial illustration, and refrain from the historical and architectural narratives. Thus, it would be a straightforward approach to mosques characterization for several millennia, since the birth of Muhammad’s (PBUH) divine message; as the springboard of Mosque Architecture.
It is allocated opposite to the Metro railway station in Ezbet Al Nakhl district, Cairo. It is entitled as The Great Mosque. The mosque has been a charity work, where the beneficiaries of the district and their neighborhood started collecting donations since 2004, to get it funded, yet the quest is still on. The design work progress has lasted from 2009 till 2017.
Admittedly, the visual identity of mosque allocations has imprisoned any ideological or professional renovation attempt. This discrepancy stood beyond the designers’ intuition, to get over the claimed sanctity of the historically enforced identity. Therefore, the renovation wave has targeted these areas in the first place.
The Mosque is a rich building typology with a great history, long architectural traditions and a wide potential for expression and symbolism. Contemporary mosque architecture shows an ongoing competition over representing this richness, producing varied outcomes that reflect the different cultures of architectural practice behind their conception. The term ‘culture of practice’ refers to the set of foundational ideological beliefs that inform the path of a certain mode of practice in architecture which in turn distinguish it from other modes of practice.
The conception of Mosque Architecture is of a trilateral controversy. First, mosques are of cultural and functional worth. They are part and parcel of Muslims’ daily life, for they are visited five times a day. Thus, mosques could not be regarded; as mere houses of worship, but educational, cultural and social institutes. These are the grounds of their validity, and multiplication till the time being. Second, the named field did not witness any developmental progression throughout the late two centuries.
Jurisprudence is the milestone of Mosque Architecture, since it dictates the mechanisms of Mosque Form generation. The Islamic civilization has been marked for its Generative Architecture, for its compliance with legislative framework; juristic codes and social norms that rule the bilateral bond of the individuals of a named community in part, and their surrounding environment including architecture in another.
This article refers to the Moroccan thinker Mohammed Abed Al Jabri’s Volume” Critique de la Raison Arabe”. This book postulates a vivid review of the grounds on which the Arab mindset has been founded and developed throughout the late 14 centuries, representing the era of the Islamic civilization. The acquisition of the ideological fabrication and fructification methodologies during the named era has been fundamental, to contemplate the development of Mosque Architecture right there.
I would like to owe the title of this article to Amos Rapoport’s 1960s masterpiece House Form and Culture. Rapoport is credited for being one of the poignant founders of the Environmental-Behavior Studies (EBS) in Architecture. Apparently, mosques; as Houses for Muslims; should conform to Rapoport’s cultural regulations and limitations; especially; those tackling the cultural influence on architectural forms, usage profiles and induced significance of this architectural frame of reference. The article is a continuum of the embarked discussion of the Futuristic Mosque Architecture prospective and Parallel Heritage Hypothesis.
The perception of Mosque Architecture has been jailed among the walls of illusive traditionalism, even after the decease of most of the traditional construction techniques. Lamentably, the common-sense perception of that constant symbolic visualization and functional speculation of mosques all over the Muslim community has been confused with its visual realization
In my previous article, I started to touch upon the ‘not often’ tackled complexities hidden within Mosques’ – seemingly – straightforward architectural brief. The article ended by calling architects to approach mosque design through a more critical understanding that celebrates its rich functionality and prioritizes it as one of the most influential ingredients in the recipe of mosque’s architectural design.
It is acknowledged that the role of mosques; as the core of architectural adroitness; throughout the recent Arab and Islamic civilization had been ceased. This cessation had occurred two centuries ago; particularly in the early half of the 19th century; and took to escalation reaching the time being mosque architectural desolation.
This article investigates the necessity and genuineness of the grounds on which the New Paradigm in mosque architecture has been required. Actually, the conception of architecture is historically famed for its inclination to constant progression, for each era has witnessed successive paradigm advancements driving the architectural field to technical, functional and structural epic levels.
Mosque architecture has been controversial throughout the last several years, by virtue of the sweeping insurgency all over the world in the twenty-first century. Resultantly, a group of “insurgent architects”; as they were described by David Harvey; have made the scene. Thence, speculating the image of future mosque has been quite ambiguous, which prompts architects to reconsider an adequate conception of mosque architecture in terms of its adaptability.
Contemporary mosque architecture display an on-going competition to put distinct imprints within the diversity of the current global architectural paradigm. Current trends of mosque design often fall under a variety of cultures of architectural practice that can be loosely classified as vernacular, historicist, formal-iconic, technical-rational, among many others.
When I spoke about the importance of the “timing” of prayer and how the specifications of the place of prayer are flexibility, openness and clarity, so that all of the land should be a mosque because it is difficult to perform the prayer in the appointed time and without this multifunctional spatial flexibility in all circumstances…
My Prof. Dr. Mashary AlNaim has invited me to participate with an article about the humanization of the mosque and its relationship with the Urban Settings in the residential neighborhood. The humanization of public space in the city is the Centre of my research interest. In my capacity as an academic and practitioner specialized in architecture and urban design, I believe that the relationship between the building and the urban settings is one of the important added values, by which we can determine the level of urban quality for the Architectural Product.